What is Eid al-Fitr?
Eid al-Fitr is an Arabic term which translates as the “feast of breaking the fast”. It is celebrated on the first day of the month of Shawwal, which follows Ramadan as the 10th month of the lunar-based Islamic calendar.
Eid al-Fitr also called, is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (ṣawm).
How is Eid celebrated?
Muslims all over the world will begin Eid festivities with a prayer shortly after dawn, which can take place either in a Mosque or an outdoor prayer venue. Following prayer, it is traditional for Muslims to gather together in a park to celebrate breaking their fast together, with large-scale events of festival food, prayer and stalls.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam – the fundamental rules that all Muslims follow – along with the Shahadah (declaration of faith), Salat (prayer), Zakat (charity) and the Hajj pilgrimage. It is when Muslims are required to spend 30 days observing fast during daylight hours, as a means of celebrating and reflecting on their faith.
During Ramadan there is an increased offering of the salat, with Muslims giving thanks to Allah and reflecting on their lives. Beyond fasting, Muslims are also encouraged to read the Quran, with the holy text recited at the Tarawih, special nightly prayers held throughout the month. Ramadan literally means “scorching heat” in Arabic, and marks the month when the Quran is said to have been revealed to Prophet Muhammad by God via the archangel Gabriel in 610 AD.
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